A layer at the backhe brain, where a visual image is formed.

Diabetes is now a very common disease in our community. It affects retina leading to diabetic retinopathy which should be treated promptly to prevent irreversible blindness.

What is diabetic retinopathy?

It is the damage of the retina which occurs in long standing diabetic patients. Blood vessels of retina become fragile and leaky → bleeding occurs from small blood vessels with deposition of exudates → bleeding may occur in the cavity of eye → retinal detachment may also occur.

Risk factors for Diabetic Retinopathy :

  • Poorly controlled diabetics.
  • Long duration of diabetes.
  • Pregnant diabetics.
  • Young, insulin dependent diabetics.

Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy :

  • May remain asymptomatic.
  • Floaters and black spots.
  • Blurring of vision.
  • Sudden loss of vision may occur due to extensive haemorrhage and retinal detachment.

Investigations performed for a diabetic patient :

  • Vision checkup regularly.
  • Regular examination of retina.
  • In serious cases retina photography (DFA) and retinal imaging (OCT).

Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy :

  • Strict control of diabetes.
  • Laser photocoagulation.
  • Intravitreal injections.
  • Surgery including vitrectomy and retinal detachment surgery.

Laser treatment is done in diabetic retinopathy and some other retina related pathologies only to prevent further loss of vision.

There are so many diseases which can affect retina like Branch retinal venous occlusion (BRVO), Central retinal venous occlusion (CRVO), Retinal detachment with or without any reason etc, which can be treated successfully with modern modalities of treatment.

In our institution, a comprehensive retina checkup including OCT is done with the help of modern equipments.

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A layer at the backhe brain, where a visual image is formed. Diabetes is now a very common disease in our community.



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